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Passives 被动语态

  

 

  

 

  Passives 被动语态

  Passives

  We make the passive using ‘be’ – in a suitable tense – and the past participle (‘done’, ‘played’ etc.). We use the passive:

  我们形成被动语态的时候要加上be动词,be动词要根据上下文选择时态,然后加上过去分词(‘done’, ‘played’ 等),在以下情况下使用被动语态:

  1) … when we don’t know, or we are not interested in, who does an action. 当我们不知道或者我们不在乎谁做了该动作,可以用被动语态。

  • My car was stolen yesterday.

  We don’t know who stole the car.

  • A lot of wine is produced in France.

  It’s not important who produces the wine.

  2) … when the main topic of the sentence isn’t who did the action. 当句子的主题不是谁做了该动作。

  • Television was invented in the 1920s by John Logie Baird.

  The main topic here is television – we aren’t particularly interested in ‘who’.

  • Kennedy was assassinated in 1963.

  In English we tend to put the most important thing at the start of the sentence. 在英语里,我们总是把最重要的事情放在句子的开头。

  3) … more in written English than in spoken English. 在书面英语里面出现得比口语更多。

  • War and Peace was written by Tolstoy.

  You often see the passive in textbooks. 你经常在教科书中看到被动语态。

  • The mixture is heated to 500˚C.

  Scientific texts especially use the passive.

  科学类文章特别喜欢用被动语态。

  Tenses 时态

  The passive can be used with all tenses - the form of ‘be’ changes.

  被动语态适用于所有时态中—通过改变be动词形式来决定时态。

  • What is tiramisu made from?. Present Simple.

  • The hall is being painted this week so our class will be in a different room. Present Continuous.

  • Oranges have been grown here for centuries. Present Perfect.

  • When he got home he found that his flat had been burgled. Past Perfect.

  • The work won’t be finished until next week. Future Simple.

  Modal verbs also use ‘be’ and the past participle. 情态动词同样使用be动词和过去分词。

  • Answers must be written in pencil.

  • Competition entrants might be chosen to appear on TV.


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